2. Few grammatical rules

With implementation of previously described wiring for sound of the syllabic signs, isolated consonants and vowels, and procedure for wiring for sound of the ligatures, by reading the demotic text, we identified many grammatical rules, of which almost 20 grammatical rules are identical with grammatical rules in contemporary Macedonian language. In the text below, we are giving, as examples, five of these grammatical rules.

2.1. Writing superlatives of adjectives

Writing the syllabic signs one on the other or one over the other, it is possible to form superlative forms of adjectives in an effective way in those languages which use the prefix  нај_ [nai] (equivalent to English the  …… _est/ the most ……), for such purpose. In that case the basic form of the adjective was written above the sign for the syllable Jь[jь].

In the analyzed text, more cases of formation of superlative form in this way were identified, and we are giving below some examples of them, such as:

2.2. Plural of nouns

In many Slavic languages, and especially in the Macedonian language, the plural of nouns and adjectives is often formed by adding и[i] at the end of the noun in singular. In the analyzed text, we also identified the formation of the plural in this way, as in the example:

It is very important to mention that in [9], the authors are claming that for forming the plural of nouns a vertical line was added at the end of the word. However, in contrast to our research and findings, the authors treat the sign for vertical line only as a simple mark for the plural. This is completely comprehensible if it is known that according to [9] it is not possible to read the demotic script sign for sign (in accordance with our findings that corresponds to reading/writing syllable for syllable), but is being read word for word.

2.3. Non-defining and defining form of nouns

While reading the analyzed text we identified nouns in the definite and indefinite form, in the singular, as well as in the plural.

 The definite article for singular is то[to],and for the plural is та[ta], equivalent in English the. 

2.4. Masculine and feminine forms of nouns

We found very interesting form for a title empress mother, as well as defining a title of supreme god and goddess, as follows:

2.5. Active and passive form of verbs

In the text, we identified the verbs in their active and passive form, as follows:

From the previous table, we can conclude that making a passive form of verb in the demotic text is very similar with the way passive form is generated in contemporary Macedonian language, with н[n] at the end of word.